Diabetes type 2: causes, treatment, and prevention
Diabetes Type 2 is a disease that lasts for a long time and is caused by too much glucose in the blood.
High blood sugar (glucose) is the hallmark of type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
Problems arise when the body can’t use and retain glucose correctly.
Type 2 diabetes is a devastating disease affecting tens of millions of individuals worldwide.
It is possible to enhance one’s health and quality of life by learning about the condition, its risk factors, and its symptoms and then taking action to avoid or treat it.
Controlling and preventing type 2 diabetes can be done with regular doctor visits, a healthy diet, exercise, and a healthy weight.
The root cause of diabetes type 2
Most people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes do so for one of two primary causes that are intricately connected.
1- Insulin-sensitive cells in muscle, fat, and the liver change into insulin-resistant cells.
Because these cells interact with insulin, they can’t absorb enough sugar.
2- The pancreas can’t make enough insulin to keep sugar in the blood at a healthy level.
We don’t know why this happens, but being overweight and not getting enough exercise are two significant factors.
However, it is recognized that a mix of hereditary and lifestyle variables is associated with developing type 2 diabetes.
The specific cause of type 2 diabetes is not entirely understood.
Symptoms that indicate you may have type 2 diabetes
Diabetes type 2 is a long-term disease when the body doesn’t make enough insulin or the cells don’t respond well to insulin.
Diabetes type 2 is a chronic disorder that develops when the body doesn’t create enough insulin or when the cells don’t respond adequately. Both of these factors might contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.
Both of these factors might contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.
This causes the amount of sugar in the blood to go up.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms tend to come on slowly over time and can be hard to notice.
So many people with the disease may not know they have it.
These are some of the most common signs of type 2 diabetes:
More thirst and the need to urinate
As the body tries to get rid of too much sugar through the urine, people with diabetes may feel thirstier and have to go to the bathroom more often, especially at night.
A high blood sugar level can cause symptoms such as a lack of energy and weariness.
This is because cells in the body can’t use sugar to make energy as well as they could.
A fuzzy vision:
High blood sugar can make the eye’s lens swell, making it hard to see.
Wounds don’t heal quickly.
Diabetes can make it hard for cuts, sores, and other wounds to heal because it can affect the blood flow and immune system.
High blood sugar can weaken the immune system, making the body more likely to get infections,
especially on the skin, urinary tract, and gums.
Symptoms including tingling or numbness in the extremities:
If your blood sugar levels are high for a long time, you could damage your nerves.
Which can cause tingling or numbness in the extremities, like the hands and feet.
Weight loss that wasn’t planned:
Because the body can’t use sugar for energy, some people with type 2 diabetes may lose weight without effort.
It’s important to remember that not everyone with type 2 diabetes will have all of these symptoms,
and some may have none at all.
So, if you are worried about diabetes or think you might have it, you should talk to a medical professional.
Diabetes type 2 risk factors
Type 2 diabetes is a long-term condition that can cause several severe problems if it isn’t taken care of properly.
Several organ systems can be affected by these problems, which include:
Heart diseases People with Type 2 diabetes are more likely to have health problems like heart attacks and strokes.
Diabetes can hurt the nerves and blood vessels that keep the heart and blood vessels working properly.
Nephropathy (a disease of the kidneys):
High blood sugar can hurt the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to kidney disease or death.
Neuropathy (nerve damage):
Diabetes can damage nerves, making it hard to feel things in the hands and feet or numb them.
It can also cause pain and make muscles weak.
Retinopathy, or damage to the eye:
High blood sugar can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, making it hard to see or even making you go blind.
Damage to the nerves and blood vessels in the feet can be caused by diabetes.
This makes it harder for cuts and sores to heal.
If this isn’t taken care of, it can increase the chance of amputation.
People with diabetes are more likely to have skin problems like itching and infections.
People with diabetes are more likely to have dental problems like gum disease or lose teeth.
People with diabetes are more likely to become depressed because of the emotional and physical stress of taking care of the disease.
It’s important to remember that these complications can often be avoided or put off with good diabetes management, which includes eating well, staying active, and taking medications as prescribed.
Regular checkups with a doctor or nurse can also help find and keep an eye on problems.
Type 2 diabetes treatment
Managing blood sugar levels often involves a combination of lifestyle modifications and medication to treat Type 2 diabetes. The particular treatment strategy will vary according to the individual’s diabetes severity.
Here are the primary treatment steps for type 2 diabetes:
Changing one’s lifestyle to enhance blood sugar control is one of the most crucial parts of treating Type 2 diabetes.
This could mean losing weight through a healthy diet and regular exercise, giving up smoking, or drinking less.
Depending on the individual’s needs, a doctor may give you medicine to help you control your blood sugar.
Among the most commonly used drugs to treat Type 2 diabetes are:
Metformin is a drug that lowers blood sugar by making the liver make less sugar and making the body more sensitive to insulin.
Sulfonylureas: These drugs boost the amount of insulin the pancreas produces.
DPP-4 inhibitors: These drugs cause the pancreas to make more insulin and make it harder for carbs to be absorbed from the digestive tract.
GLP-1 receptor agonists:
These drugs lower the sugar in the blood by making the pancreas make more insulin and making it harder for the intestine to absorb carbohydrates.
Regular blood sugar monitoring is crucial in caring for someone with type 2 diabetes.
This can be accomplished through self-testing at home or a healthcare practitioner’s office.
Monitoring diabetes and its potential consequences require routine visits to a healthcare expert.
They will also assist in modifying the treatment plan as necessary.
There needs to be education for people with type 2 diabetes on the condition, how to care for those with it, and the complications that can arise.
And the prevention of complications.
It is essential to remember that treatment programs must be individually tailored and that the objective of treatment is to achieve optimal blood sugar control while limiting the risk of complications.
To effectively manage diabetes and make any required revisions to treatment programs, it is essential to collaborate closely with a healthcare expert.
When should I schedule a medical appointment?
When you are sick, you need to monitor your diabetes levels closely.
The typical cold becomes deadly when insulin and blood sugar are thrown off.
Create a “sick day plan” with your doctor that details your routine, how often you should take your medications,
and how often you should check your blood sugar levels.
If you experience:
Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any disorientation or memory loss.
An internal temperature of 100 degrees or more.
Consistently high blood sugar levels for more than a day.
Nausea and vomiting that lasts more than four hours, issues with equilibrium or coordination
excruciating discomfort all over your body.
Lack of mobility in your arms and legs
Type 2 diabetes prevention
You can avoid type 2 diabetes by lowering your risk factors and making healthy lifestyle choices.
The onset of Type 2 diabetes can be averted by following these guidelines.
Retaining a healthy body mass index
Overweight people have a much higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
An individual’s chance of acquiring the disease is inversely proportional to their body mass; therefore, losing weight through good nutrition and regular physical activity can help.
We are maintaining a healthy diet.
Eating many whole foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats makes you less likely to get type 2 diabetes.
Activity schedules that include:
By reducing blood sugar levels and increasing insulin sensitivity, type 2 diabetes is less likely to happen if you work out regularly.
You should stop smoking.
The danger of developing Type 2 diabetes is raised by smoking. Thankfully, this risk can be lowered by giving up smoking.
No alcohol intake
Moderate alcohol use has been shown to lower the risk of acquiring Type 2 diabetes.
The chance of getting Type 2 diabetes is raised when stress causes blood sugar levels to rise.
Using healthy ways to deal with stress, like regular physical activity, yoga, or meditation, can lower the chance of getting the disease.
By visiting a doctor often, you can catch any potential problems with your health, including Type 2 diabetes, early on.
Keep an eye on your blood sugar.
Regular blood sugar monitoring can help detect diabetes at its earliest stages so treatment can begin immediately.
Changing your diet and how often you work out has been shown to lower your risk of Type 2 diabetes and improve your health in general.
If you have questions or are concerned that you may be at risk for getting diabetes,
you must consult a healthcare provider.
Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin and can’t use sugar efficiently. Blood glucose rises.
High blood sugar is dangerous.
Type 2 diabetes is manageable. Exercise and a balanced diet can help control blood sugar.
Insulin may also be needed.
Type 2 diabetics must regularly check their blood sugar and communicate with their doctors.