Prediabetes Borderline Diabetes information
If you have prediabetes, it shows that your blood sugar level is higher than average.
It is not quite high enough to be classified as diabetes type 2, at least not yet.
However, any person with prediabetes, whether they are an adult or a child, stands a good chance of developing full-blown type 2 diabetes if they do not make some significant changes to their diet and exercise routine.
If you have prediabetes, you may be at risk for developing diabetes, which carries with it a host of serious health complications that might cause harm to your kidneys, heart, and blood vessels.
There is some positive news.
There is no guarantee that someone with prediabetes will eventually develop type 2 diabetes.
Consuming nutritious foods, incorporating regular physical activity into your schedule, as well as healthy body weight may assist you in returning your blood sugar levels to normal. It is likely that making modifications to one’s lifestyle, such as those that help avoid type 2 diabetes in adults, can also help bring back normal blood sugar levels in youngsters.
What is borderline diabetes?
Some individuals refer to prediabetes as “borderline diabetes,” while the correct word is actually “prediabetes.” Prediabetes is a condition that can occur prior to a person developing type 2 diabetes. Medical practitioners used the term “prediabetes” to describe this disease.
Prediabetes is a condition that can happen when your blood sugar levels are always higher than normal,
but not quite high enough to be a sign that you have diabetes.
It also referred this condition to as impaired fasting glucose or glucose intolerance.
During the stage known as prediabetes, your pancreas can still release an adequate amount of insulin in response to the consumption of carbs. However, insulin works less effectively to clear sugar from the system, and as
a result, blood sugar levels continue to be elevated. Insulin resistance is the term used to describe this disorder.
If you have prediabetes, you should know that you are not the only one dealing with this condition.
We projected that there were 96 million adults in the United States who were diagnosed with prediabetes in the year 2019, which is equivalent to around one-third of adults.
If you have prediabetes, it does not guarantee that you will gain diabetes.
However, in order to prevent the illness from getting worse, it is essential to make adjustments to both your diet and your way of life.
If one does not make any adjustments to their lifestyle during the next three to five years, we expect that between 15 and 30 percent of persons who have prediabetes will develop diabetes.
Early warning signs of trouble
Insulin resistance is a condition that, if neglected for a significant amount of time without receiving treatment, can cause the development of type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes rarely creates any symptoms, and the only people who are aware that they have it are those who have it.
Borderline diabetes risk factors
If you have more than one of these risk factors,
your chances of developing prediabetes are higher:
having a body mass index of 30 or more or being obese
not being physically active
being 45 years old or older
high blood pressure or cholesterol
having a history of heart disease, stroke, gestational diabetes, or polycystic ovarian syndrome
having a close family member who has type 2 diabetes
Determining if you have borderline diabetes
Because prediabetes is a disorder that has no symptoms, having regular checkups with your doctor is essential for finding it in its early stages.
If you suspect you could be on the verge of developing diabetes, it is in your best interest to talk to a medical professional about your concerns.
If a doctor suspects that you have prediabetes, he or she will probably perform either an oral glucose tolerance test or a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test (OGTT).
Since HbA1c is a sign of how well your blood sugar has been controlled over the preceding three months,
a single fasting blood sugar check is not always the best way to get an overall picture of your condition.
A HbA1c result that falls within the ranges of 5.7 and 6.4 showed prediabetes.
Diabetes complications on the verge of being diagnosed
When you have high blood glucose levels, particularly if you do nothing to correct them, this can influence other systems in your body.
This can make you more susceptible to a wide range of health dangers and ongoing conditions that affect your health. Uncontrolled diabetes can, for instance, result in the following complications:
- loss of vision;
- nerve damage;
- kidney damage;
- cardiovascular disease
The elevated levels of insulin that accompany insulin resistance can contribute to the development of further issues.
When should one go to the doctor?
If you are concerned about diabetes or if you are experiencing any of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes, make an appointment with your primary care physician.
If you have any risk factors for diabetes, discuss getting a blood sugar screening with your primary care physician.
Ways to lower the risk of Prediabetes
The Diabetes Prevention Program was a large research study that was conducted at multiple centers to investigate the role that changes in lifestyle could play in preventing diabetes.
The results should give a lot of hope to people who have diabetes or are at risk of getting it.
During the three years of the study, people who kept a healthy weight and did regular physical activity had a 58% lower chance of getting diabetes.
Therefore, making modifications to your food and lifestyle can be especially helpful for those who have prediabetes, and doing so may help support blood sugar control and overall health.
A healthy and well-rounded diet
Concentrate on consuming foods that are high in nutrients, such as fruits, vegetables, lean proteins,
and fats that are good for the heart.
Make careful to choose grains that are high in complex carbs, such as whole grains, while you are shopping for grains.
You should also make it a goal to reduce the number of added sugars you consume, such as those found in processed baked goods or beverages that are sweetened with sugar.
Foods that include a lot of added sugar can cause blood sugar levels to rise, and often, foods that are high in added sugar are also deficient in critical nutrients.
Make an appointment with a nutritionist if you need help with meal planning in order to lower your risk of developing diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association also has simple tips for diabetics who want to learn how to cook better.
Acts of physical exertion
Aim for 150 minutes of exercise every week, which is equivalent to approximately 30 minutes of exercise five days a week.
This can encompass a wide range of pursuits, such as strolling, riding, swimming, hiking, or even dancing.
Keep your weight at a healthy, reasonable level.
Although pre-diabetes can develop in people of any size, those who are overweight or obese are much more likely to develop it.
Talk to your primary care provider or a dietitian to find out if it would be helpful to change how you exercise or what you eat to help you get to or stay at a healthy weight and lower your risk of getting diabetes.
If you do, in fact, have prediabetes, your physician may recommend that you take a medicine like metformin (Glumetza, Glucophage, Fortamet, and Riomet).
This may also help make the body more sensitive to insulin and keep blood sugar levels under control.
Please do not wait but start soon
Have a conversation with your primary care physician before beginning any dietary or lifestyle modifications. It will give you the best opportunity to prevent diabetes from occurring in the first place, as well as the best chance of avoiding any potential consequences that could arise from diabetes that is not under control.
It is important to keep in mind that just because we have diagnosed you with prediabetes does not mean you will gain diabetes.
In fact, if you have prediabetes, you can improve your overall health while halting the progression of the disease by making some relatively minor alterations to your diet and way of life.
The condition known as prediabetes is dangerous for one’s health.
Prediabetes is a condition in which a person has higher blood sugar levels than is considered normal,
but not high enough to warrant a diabetes diagnosis. Whether someone is likely to get type 2 diabetes,
heart disease, or other illnesses.
When they have prediabetes, their risk of stroke increases significantly.
So, talk to your primary care doctor before changing your diet or way of life.
Also, try to move around more.